Automatic Chemical Makeup – Will it Work for You?

Automatic chemical addition and makeup is an attractive on feature on today’s sophisticated cleaning machines.  Who wouldn’t appreciate eliminating the drudgery of taking samples, titrating, refractometer readings, or whatever and adding chemistry to a cleaning or rinsing bath manually?  The trouble is that automatic chemical makeup is just not possible or applicable in all cases. Although there are …

Filter Smart!

When particles are the enemy, my general rule is filter, filter, filter!  The cost of filtration is small compared to the overall benefit even if it is only “insurance.”  There is, of course, the initial cost of installation (filter housings, pumps, plumbing, etc.) but the cost after that is going to be pretty much fixed provided …

Particle Problems – Process or Machine?

What happens when parts exit the cleaning process dirty?  First of all, PANIC, especially in the case of critical cleaning for optics, semiconductor, disc drive and other industries where particles that can’t even be seen with a microscope render product worthless and unrecoverable!  Then there is the inevitable quest for, “Why this is happening?”  Although this scenario is …

Cleaning Process Specification Questions

The cleaning process is the “recipe” for cleaning.  Like any culinary recipe, it should clearly define the ingredients, times, temperatures and the method of application to be used for cleaning.  Most cleaning consists of at least the three basic steps of washing, rinsing and drying. Wash – The purpose of washing is to remove contaminants …

Immersion or Spray – – or Both?

Immersion or spray methods are used in most industrial cleaning processes.  Both are effective but one may be better suited than the other in some applications and often for reasons that aren’t immediately obvious.   Let’s take a minute to explore some of the benefits and limitations of each. Spray – The most often recognized …

Questioning Particle Generation Due to Cavitation Erosion as a Source of Contamination

Ultrasonic cleaning is widely used for removing particles from surfaces.  It is generally agreed that the high energy of implosions of cavitation bubbles break the bonds holding particles to the surface being cleaned and that liquid motion (streaming) carries the particles away once they have been dislodged.  However, it is also well known that ultrasonic cavitation …